Alkaline balance, in the context of human health and physiology, refers to maintaining a balanced pH level in the body's fluids and tissues. The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14, with 7 being neutral. Human blood typically maintains a slightly alkaline level, around 7.4. The body continuously regulates its internal pH through various mechanisms, as imbalances can affect bodily functions.
An overly acidic or alkaline state can be harmful. The concept of alkaline balance often focuses on diet, as certain foods and drinks can affect the body's pH levels. Consuming a balanced diet that includes alkaline-forming foods like fruits and vegetables, while limiting acidic foods like processed foods and sugar, is often recommended for maintaining good health.